Sindh Agricultural and Forestry Workers Coordinating Organization (Safwco)
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• EMPOWERING GIRLS - Transforming Communities (WPF)
EMPOWERING GIRLS- Transforming Communities (WPF)
The girl reaches the age of 12. Will she continue her schooling like her brother? Or will she stay home to help her mother with house work and take care of the new baby? If she continues school, will her father pull her out when they need additional labour in the field while her brother stays at school? When she becomes older, will she know how to resist the sexual advances of boys who find her attractive? What happens if she becomes too educated? Will she be forced to leave school if young boys tease her on her way to school? What if she get married and becomes pregnant at an early age?

About 16 million women, 15-19 years old give birth each year amounting to approximately 11% of all births worldwide (WHO; 2008).
One out of six women aged 15-19 is already married (PDHS; 2006-7).
Girls who give birth before the age of 15 are five times more likely to die in child birth than women in their twenties (UNICEF 2009).
83% girls are enrolled in Primary schools from which 56% complete their Primary education, only 39% are enrolled in lower secondary leaving a remarkable 20% in upper secondary.

Introduction to the Project
To cater to these issues a holistic programme on comprehensive girls’ education including leadership is required. Based on the past experience of World Population Foundation, it is vital to provide adolescent girls with basic Life Skills at initial stages of their lives to empower them to deal with these challenges with confidence and positive attitude. This ultimately facilitates their chances of acquiring higher education resulting in social and economic empowerment and thus improving quality of life for themselves their families and eventually the society. Technical and Financial support is provided by The World Population Foundation (WPF- as a grantee partner with The David & Lucile Packard Foundation.

Goals and Objectives
The main goal is to have ‘” An Evidence based Model of “Girls Empowerment” to deal with SRH issues in under-developed communities in Pakistan.

The objectives of the project are to

  • Develop adolescent girls life skills to deal with SRH issues in their peers, families and communities.
  • Empower adolescent girls and develop their confidence and leadership skills.
  • Establish networks of support in schools and communities to advocate improvements in SRH indicators and relevant policies – youth, health and education policies creating “safe places” for them.

Time Line
October 2009 – September 2012

Project Location and Demographics

Target District

Sanghar, Sindh

Gujranwala , Punjab

Implementing Partner

Sindh Agricultural & Forestry Workers Organization) SAFWCO,

Promotion of Peace, Justice & Youth Cooperation, Bargad

Social Setting

Pure  Rural

Mixed Rural and Urban

No of Higher Secondary Schools



No of Maser Trainers



No of Teachers



No of Adolescent Girls  Students



No of Girls in Communities



No of Parents



Implementation Strategies and Target Groups

Intervention Strategy

Target Group

Action Research
Base line Study; A baseline action research (Qualitative and Quantitative) of the two target districts through an independent agency will be engaged to carry out to assess the indicators and current situation on status of adolescent girls particularly of Sexual and Reproductive Health, Economic Empowerment.

Impact Evaluation; An Impact Evaluation through a third party with an aim to assess the changes in the indicators identified during the baseline study in the project districts and overall impact of the project on lives, status of girls.


School going adolescent girls
Local education and  health department

Capacity Building of the Stakeholders
The strategy involves two components including production of  Resource Materials and Training of the stakeholders

Resource Materials for Master Trainers and Teachers: include
Training Manuals on Life Skills Education (LSE) and
Girls Economic Empowerment (GEE) with focus on equipping Master Trainers and teachers with knowledge, information, skills and tools required to effectively implement both components with adolescent girls.

Resource Materials for Adolescent Girls include

  • Work book on Life Skills Education for adolescent girls of grade 8, a record book for girls to document their learnings of this 30 hr curriculum.
  • Work book on Girls Economic Empowerment for adolescent girls of grade 9, a record book to document and take account of practical tips for future opportunities from this 24 hr curriculum
  • Adolescent Girls Empowerment Toolkit - containing information on girl’s education and health issues to be used as a guide by girls during their summer project to raise awareness in the communities

Training of the Stakeholders
Partnership with local health and education departments include

  • Sensitization Seminar to brief , orient and sensitize the stakeholders on issues girls face in the community particularly related to SRHR, gender and economic empowerment
  • Training of Master Trainers in two levels. The first level focusing on Life Skills Education to build their capacity and understanding on issues of SRHR, gender, education and health and their impact on young girls. The second level focusing on Economic Empowerment to teach the theory and models of economic empowerment and income generation for adolescent girls with practical tools to train other groups on the respective issues.
  • Training of Teachers by Master Trainers in two levels. The first level focusing on Life Skills Education to be implemented with adolescent girls of grade 8 and the second level focusing on Economic Empowerment to be implemented in grade 9 with same girls next year.
  • Professional Development Forums – PDFs for Teachers at district level to focus on sharing, reflecting, learning and documenting the needs and realities from community.


Master Trainers



Adolescent Girls





Officials of local Health Department
Officials of Local Education Department
Female Teachers

Advocacy for Enabling Environment

Reverse Education include two strategies with structured and systematic opportunities provided to adolescent girls to educate other adults, including parents, cousins and neighbours from their communities to create an enabling environment.

  • Summer Projects:  Girls active and meaningful participation through ‘Adolescent Girls Empowerment Toolkit as an effort to reach out-of-school-girls in their neighbourhood with information and skills.  
  • School Based Events: A practical opportunity for adolescent girls to organize yearly ‘Whole of School’ activities on already recognized international days in order to reach out to other adolescent girls within schools

Policy Dialogues focus on providing groups of adolescent girls with opportunity of quarterly structured meetings with the district departments of health and education with one agenda – inclusion of this intervention in all girls high schools of their districts. It includes

  • Policy makers at district level to lobby and advocate with the district governments to integrate this prototype of Girls Empowerment in the secondary education at district level.
  • Health management system at district levels to promote provision and access to services for adolescent girls.

District Adolescents Summits with 250 girl leaders with potential to become advocates, leaders and change agents.

Learning Forum with Stakeholders to share the learnings of project with stakeholders and
Sustainability of the project.


Out of School Girls
Civil Society Organizations
Officials from Health Systems




Looking at the Bigger Picture – Small and Well-planned Steps towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goal

Short term Contribution

Long term Contribution

Achieve Universal Primary Education by
Increase in number of school- going girls in target  districts

  • Increased interest of girls and families to complete higher secondary schools
  • Increased understanding of decision makers on girls’ education and empowerment
  • Increased knowledge and awareness among the stakeholders about socio-economic  and RH education needs of young girls
  • Increased capacity of schools to run and sustain the project
  • Increase in number of girls completing their secondary education


  • Increased number of school going girls


To promote gender equality and empower women by equipping girls to make healthy and informed choices and creating safe places for them.

  • Increase in confidence level of adolescent girls about their SRHR
  • Positive perception of adolescent girls about their selves, body and role in society
  • Increased ability of young girls to communicate effectively and demand for basic rights to education and health
  • Increased capacity of organizations to link issues of social and economic empowerment with health and education
  • Enhanced role of girls in advocacy initiatives at district level
  • Increased ability of girls to advocate with stakeholders for their rights to health and education


  • Girls demonstrate efficacy


Improve Maternal Health by
Encouraging delayed marriages reducing early pregnancies

  • Adolescent girls SRH status in the target districts assessed
  • Increased capacity of partner organizations on issues of adolescent girls SRHR


  • Increased young girls age at marriage and 1st pregnancy


Reference Links:

Safwco envisions ‘sustainable communities achieving equitable economic, social, political and cultural development through grass roots development institutions.
Safwco's mission is to mobilize the poor under a common platform and to support and to support them to carry out sustainable development
Views & Opinions
Pakistan: One-room Revolution
By Zofeen T Ebrahim Karachi, WFS)-Lal Khatoon was very Excited the night she learned to write her name for the first time in her native language, Sindhi.
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General Publications
Annual Report 2015
Governance Stories
Peace Events Learning Study Report
Annual report 2013.
Annual report 2011-12.
People's SAARC Regional Convergance 2014.
SAFWCOs' Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI).Impact Assessment Case Studies. Development in Rural Sindh, Pakistan.
Effective Citizenship & Responsive Group(ECRG) Project
The Agribusiness Project with ASF (USAID)
Sana Report
Master Consolidation 2011
Child book 
july 1992_march 2010
Final Evaluation Report
Periodicals and Regular
The Organization & Program (English)
The Organization & Program (Sindhi)
The Story of a Struggle (An Interview with Suleman G Abro)
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